10 Facts To Know About Neutron Stars

1. A neutron star is a type of compact star that forms when a massive star collapses in on itself after a supernova explosion.

2. Neutron stars are incredibly dense, with a mass greater than the Sun packed into a sphere about 10km in diameter.

3. The pressure at the core of a neutron star is so high that protons and electrons combine to form neutrons.

4. Neutron stars are extremely hot and emit X-rays, gamma rays, and other forms of radiation.

5. Neutron stars spin rapidly, with some rotating hundreds of times per second, and are known as pulsars.

6. Neutron stars have strong magnetic fields, which can create powerful beams of radiation that are visible from Earth.

7. The first neutron star was discovered in 1967 by Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish.

8. Neutron stars are thought to be the source of short gamma-ray bursts, which are intense bursts of high-energy radiation lasting just a few seconds.

9. Neutron stars are also thought to be responsible for creating heavy elements such as gold, platinum, and uranium through a process called r-process nucleosynthesis.

10. Studying neutron stars can help scientists better understand the fundamental laws of physics, such as the behavior of matter under extreme conditions.